The United States is considered to be a fully developing region. The credit for this majorly goes to its responsible and law-abiding citizens. But do you know? For a region like the United States, which is full of diversity and ethnicity, it was not easy to make people serious about the importance of the legal system. This only happens when a proper hierarchy of laws were introduce, and separate laws were in enact for different levels of governance, JOHN GIORGI.
U.S. laws are divide into three categories as analyzing by John Giorgi –
1. Federal Laws
2. State Laws
3. Local Laws
Moreover, The concept of federal laws was introducing to convey supremacy of law to the general public. It signified that for a civilization to exist, a proper set of laws is very important. According to John Giorgi, Federal laws apply to all Americans or the people residing in the United States, either temporarily or permanently. Federal laws are strict and work with the aim of national security. These laws are inexcusable. Also, This means that any person who is found in violation of these laws cannot give an excuse in any way. Some popular examples of these laws are Patent and Copyright Laws, Bankruptcy laws, or Immigration laws.
Any law that affects the entire region as a whole is federal law.
However, To understand state laws, we must be aware of the working structure of the U.S. legislation department. The U.S.A. is a union of states. This means that there has to be a difference of opinions, ethnicity, beliefs, faiths, etc. But none of these points can be taken into consideration when the question of law arises. But to make people abide by the law, there has to be a set of negotiations between the government and the citizens. This negotiation means that laws are to design so that it remains in consonance with the individual belief of people.
Keeping this in mind, the constitution of America gives each state the authority to enact its law and make it functional on the ground level. Therefore, all 50 states and federal laws also have their state laws. They have to follow every individual in the United States.
However, this is a very obvious set of laws. It is not possible to make one law and let it be applicable for every locality. Therefore, to tackle this issue, the concept of local laws was given an introduction. Local laws can prepare to resolve local issues like municipality, water issues, etc. Some of these laws are- Rent laws or Local safety, as observed by John Giorgi.
All these three types of laws are important attributes of the United States. In the absence of any of these laws, the state is not going to work smoothly. Therefore, these cannot be overlapping until and unless a situation of emergency arises. The article has dealt with the core differences of these laws.